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Know Your Presidential Candidate (2)


Muhammadu Buhari Age:76 Years Party:All Progressives Congress (APC)
Office: Presidency





ISSUE POSITIONS

Power 
Power remains a huge problem. We hope to reach 10,000MW by 2020.
Key priorities include better energy mix through solar and Hydro technologies
A minimum of 1,000 MW New Generation incremental Power capacity per annum on the Grid; Distribution to get to 7,000 MW under Distribution Expansion programme.
9 Universities will have uninterrupted power next when we complete the First Phase of 37.
Energising Economies - Next level moves from 16 markets to lighting up 300 markets and clusters with clean, uninterrupted off-grid power.
Execute the Nigeria Electrification Project (NEP), a $550 million Rural Electrification Programme, supported by the World Bank/AfDB to create a pipeline of private local investments and financial incentives to catalyze the Nigerian off grid market for standalone solar solutions.

Economy + Inclusive Growth 
We will establish People Moni Bank, [providing] soft loans of up to N1 million to small traders, artisans and commercial drivers.
Increase current number of 2.3 million traders, farmers, artisans under Trader Moni, Market Moni and Farmer Moni schemes to 10 million Nigerians under the People Moni Scheme.
We will exploit the comparative advantages of the geopolitical zones and different states by developing 6 Industrial Parks and 109 Special Production and Processing Centres (SPPCs) across each senatorial district.
We will legislate and enforce deadlines for issuance of Government licences and Permits.
For MSMEs, we will create 109 One Stop shops of all regulatory agencies (CAC, NAFDAC, SON, etc) under one roof in each senatorial district.
We will increasingly grow and process our own food, we will manufacture what we can and refine our own petroleum products.
Government conducted Focus Labs in three key sectors: Agriculture & Transport, Manufacturing and Processing as well as Power and Gas. These have yielded significant prospects for investments and Job creation to the tune of US$ 22.5 billion with a potential for creating more than 500,000 jobs by 2020. There is a high prospect that the cumulative investments from this first phase of the Labs will hit US$39.2 billion by 2025.

Biafra Agitations 
Some of the comments [about Biafra] especially on the social media have crossed our national red lines by daring to question our collective existence. This is a step too far. Nigeria’s unity is settled and not negotiable. We shall not allow irresponsible elements to start trouble and when things get bad they run away and saddle others with the responsibility of bringing back order, if necessary with their blood. This is not to deny that there are legitimate concerns. Every group has a grievance. But the beauty and attraction of a federation is that it allows different groups to air their grievances and work out a mode of co-existence.

Herders - farmers clashes 
We will execute the second phase of the Farmer-Herder and National Livestock Policy to end the decades-long conflict between farmers and herders.
The intention is to create grazing areas for cattle herders. The policy is not meant to colonize any part of the country.
I will continue to pressurise members of the law enforcement agencies directly under me by the constitution as the Commander-in Chief... I will always appeal to the leadership of the communities and the law enforcement agencies, to always have control over their constituencies.

Corruption
If we don’t kill corruption, corruption will destroy the country. Despite the gains we have made in closing the gates, there is still much ground to cover to stop systemic corruption. To eliminate the scope of systemic corruption, we will emphasis technology enabled e-Governance.
Various policy measures put in place to stem the tide of corrupt practices are yielding remarkable results. Some of these key reform policies include:
a.  The Treasury Single Account (TSA) has realized Billions of Naira being saved from maintenance fee payable to banks.  N200 Billion has also been saved from elimination of ghost workers in public service.
b. The Whistle-Blowing Policy has helped to recover over N500 Billion.
c.The Presidential Initiative on Continuous Audit set up with a mandate to validate controls, assess risks, prune personnel costs, ensure compliance with Public Financial Management reforms has helped to identify and remove over 52,000 ghost workers from the Federal Government MDAs Payroll.
d. The fight against corruption through the EFCC and ICPC has resulted in recoveries of Billions of Naira, as well as forfeiture of various forms of assets. This alongside other efforts has improved Nigeria’s international image and regional cooperation.

Healthcare 
Health Insurance For All using co-payments to share the cost between individuals, the private sector and government. The poorest 40% will be exempted from such co-payments.
1% of Consolidated Funds to Health: In compliance with National Health Act, we achieved this in 2018 building the backbone for primary healthcare centres.
Primary Health Care: N500 monthly contribution leads to 45% increase in the population covered by primary health care by 2023 up from the present 12.6%.
N-Power Medic: Pay young doctors to stay in rural areas.
Our primary health care system needs to be innovative and driven, in such a manner that it emphasizes quality in service delivery. Similarly, our secondary and tertiary healthcare systems must meet the most complicated medical challenges for our people at affordable rates.

Job Creation 
We will engage one million N-Power graduates and skill up 10 million Nigerians under a voucher system in partnership with private sector.
In agriculture, the Anchor Borrowers Scheme will support input and jobs to 1 million farmers. Livestock Transformation Plan to create 1.5 million jobs along dairy, beef, hide & Skin, blood meal, crops. Agriculture Mechanization Policy with Tractors and Processors to create 5 million jobs.
We will provide $500m innovation fund to tech and creative sectors to create 500,000 jobs. Train 200,000 youth for outsourcing market in technology, services and entertainment.
Our School Feeding program will create extra 300,000 jobs for vendors and farmers as we increase children fed from 9.2 million to 15 million.
To address the chronic shortage of teachers in public schools across the country, we also will partner with State and Local Governments to recruit, train and deploy 500,000 unemployed graduates and NCE holders. These graduate teachers will be deployed to primary schools, thereby, enhancing the provision of basic education especially in our rural areas.

Security
Military Command and Control Centre will be relocated to Maiduguri and remain until Boko Haram is completely subdued.
We shall overhaul the rules of engagement to avoid human rights violations in operations. We shall improve operational and legal mechanisms so that disciplinary steps are taken against proven human right violations by the Armed Forces.
We are going to erect and maintain an efficient, disciplined people – friendly and well – compensated security forces within an overall security architecture.
Government is boosting the capacity of our security agencies through recruitment of more personnel, training and procurement of modern equipment, enhancement of intelligence gathering as well as boosting their morale in the face of daunting challenges.

Restructuring 
We Nigerians can be very impatient and want to improve our conditions faster than may be possible considering our resources and capabilities. My firm view is that our problems are more to do with process than structure.
Recent calls on restructuring has let in highly irresponsible groups to call for dismemberment of the country. We cannot and we will not allow such advocacy. At all events, proper dialogue and any desired constitutional changes should take place in a rational manner, at the National and State Assemblies.
Every group asking for restructuring has got its own agenda and I hope it can be accommodated by the constitution.

State Police 
We will decentralise funding of police operations and foster true community policing by implementing direct transfer of funding to Police Divisions all across.
I want the Nigerian Constitution to be consulted first and see what it says. If it says [state police] should be allowed, then they should be allowed. But don’t forget, how many times did we have to release money to states in the name of bailouts to enable them pay salaries? And you add the police to them? People should look at this matter very well.

Federal Character + alleged marginalization of certain tribes 
Constituencies that gave me 97 percent cannot  be treated on some issues like those that gave me 5 percent. I think these are political realities.
By the constitution, no state can be excluded from government, so there is no way, even if I want to show gratitude to those constituencies that heavily voted for me against those that didn’t vote for me, they have the protection of the government. And I made an undertaking that: I belong to everybody, I belong to nobody. If I come clearly and marginalize a group because they didn’t vote for me, then I have contradicted myself...

Debt Profile 
Unlike in the past, when borrowed funds were frittered away on unproductive ventures, we will ensure their investment in the revival of stalled road, rail, power and port projects, and in agricultural initiatives that will significantly boost domestic production of food.
GO DEEPER
Other promises tracker
On Infrastructure:
Complete the Ibadan- Kano phase of the Lagos- Ibadan-Kano Rail
Complete Eastern Rail (Port-Harcourt-Maiduguri) and  Coastal Rail (Lagos-Calabar).
Complete the Link on Itakpe- Warri Rail to Abuja through Lokoja.
Complete the 2nd Niger Bridge connecting Anambra and Delta States.
Complete the East West Road connecting Warri, Delta to Oron, Akwa Ibom, through Kaiama and Port Harcourt in Bayelsa and Rivers.
Complete the Abuja-Kaduna-Zaria to Kano.
Complete the works on Federal roads using Sukuk Bonds in each state of the federation.

Women and Youth inclusion in governance 
We will achieve 35% in female appointments.
More youth appointment for boards.
Special mentoring programme in governance with young graduates working with Ministers and other senior government appointees.
More than 60% of the population is below 30, a lot of them haven’t been to school and they are claiming that Nigeria is an oil producing country, therefore, they should sit and do nothing, and get housing, healthcare, education free.
A few months ago, I met with female parliamentarians and they raised issues concerning the passage of Gender and Equal Opportunity Bill now before the National Assembly and the implementation of 35 percent affirmative action, among others. I am fully in support of both positions…

NNPC reforms + Removal of subsidy 
Split the NNPC into two entities. One will be an independent regulator and the other one an investor vehicle.


Why President Buhari declined assent to the Petroleum Industry Governance Bill:
a) That the provision of the Bill permitting the Petroleum Regulatory Commission to retain as much as 10% of the revenue generated unduly increases the funds accruing to the Petroleum Regulatory commission to the detriment of the revenue available to the Federal, States, Federal Capital Territory, and Local Governments in the country.

b) Expanding the scope of Petroleum equalization fund and some provisions in divergence from this administration’s policy and indeed conflicting provisions on independent petroleum equalization fund.

c) Some legislative drafting concerns which, if Assented to in the form presented will create ambiguity and conflict in interpretation.




Education 
● ‘Every Child Counts’ is our roadmap to make our primary and secondary school students digitally literate in Science, technology, engineering, arts and mathematics (STEAM).
● We will reinterpret the curriculum by imparting functional skills such as coding, robotics, animation, design thinking, collaboration, critical thinking, project management.
● All Teachers in public primary and secondary schools will be retrained to deliver digital literacy.
● 10,000 schools per year will be remodeled and equipped, transforming classrooms to labs, workshops and collaboration centres.
● Over the last three years, government has approved the establishment of one new Federal Polytechnic, granted licenses for the establishment of 4 State and 14 private-owned Universities as well as 12 private Polytechnics.
● We have ensured proper funding at the Basic Education level with the disbursement of N42.2 billion UBE Matching Grants to 26 States and the FCT...



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